As Russian-Turkish geopolitics has transformed the region, it often comes at the expense of other regional actors, such as Iran, which has recently found itself in most discussions about the future of its own northern border. Iranian leaders have called for a ceasefire, fearing an extension of the conflict. But in the midst of U.S. sanctions, a pandemic and leadership that may also have feared alienating Iran`s Azerbaijani-born population, many of whom remember the waves of Azerbaijani refugees from the last war in Karabakh, they had little to offer. As of 10 November 2020, Russian troops and armaments, which were to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement, are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, which had entered Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region.  Protests erupted in Yerevan after Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a peace agreement brokered by Russia. Many Armenians want the prime minister to resign because he has agreed to a ceasefire agreement. The agreement, aimed at ending the conflict between the two nations, was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan. Since the conflict began in September, several ceasefire agreements have been signed between the two sides, but none have yet been successful.
STEPANAKERT – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh issued a statement on the 22nd anniversary of the signing in 1994 of the ceasefire agreement between the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia. In the statement, the Artsakh Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirms that „Azerbaijan is attempting to unilaterally denounce the ceasefire agreement of 12 May 1994, which is a clear continuation of the policy of disrupting the process of peaceful settlement of the conflict and inciting war in the region. Nagorno-Karabakh also urged the international community to „condemn Azerbaijan`s deliberate policy, escalate tensions and derail the negotiation process under the aegis of the co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group.“ With the mediation of Russia`s ceasefire and its broader conditions, Russian President Vladimir Putin reaffirmed his country`s central position in the conflict as the undisputed mediator of power in the region and became the best and only ally of Armenia willing to act in a tangible way on the ground, if only to defend Armenia`s internationally recognized borders. Russia has also sidelined Turkey, which is not a party to the agreement, and forced Ankara to negotiate its role as guarantor of Azerbaijan`s security with Russia as part of ongoing negotiations on the establishment of a joint Russian-Turkish ceasefire monitoring unit.